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Legal audit

Legal audit is an integrated legal analysis of activities of a company or certain documents and contracts in order to establish their conformity with the current legislation, economic environment and court practice.
The legal audit is aimed at uncovering potential menaces of inflicting losses to a company as the result of the following:
- default on an obligation by counteragents,
- tax claims raised on the part of taxation bodies,
- sanctions used for non-fulfillment of civil liabilities,
- filing an administrative case against the company or its office bearers
- or filing a criminal case against office bearers of the company.  

Legal audit has the following forms

I. General comprehensive legal audit of a company’s activity.
II. Legal audit of a particular field of company activities.
III. Legal audit of sophisticated transactions
IV. Legal audit of civil, labor or administrative dispute.
V. Legal audit of probability of criminal prosecution.

Legal opinion

As the result of legal audit, we draw up a counsel’s opinion, reflecting the uncovered faults and risks for the company.
Consequences of legal audit.
After preparing a legal opinion, LCT experts, on the instruction of client, will perform a package of measures for elimination of the uncovered faults and neutralization of risks, develop necessary draft contracts and other documents, suggest schemes of acquisition/alienation of assets, perform necessary operations in administrative bodies, defend the client in courts. For more details see Services section.


I. General comprehensive legal audit of company activities

1. Legal audit of corporate history of a company. Analysis of matters related to the establishment (privatization, reorganization, registration) of the client’s company, analysis of foundation documents and other corporate deeds, structure of management bodies, their competence and actual activity, matters of issue and placement of stock, purchasing stock and legitimacy of owning it, history of general meetings held and legitimacy of decisions made. Discovery and analysis of conflicts.
2. Legal audit of system of management and personnel recruitment. Expert examination of the company’s internal documents (local acts) regulating activity of the company and its divisions, as well as labor relations etc. within the company. Analysis of labor relations for the purpose of establishing their legal status and conflict probability.
3. Legal audit of property. Analysis of legal status of movable and immovable property of the company and land resources in use. Analysis of tax and legal history of property origination. Discovery and analysis of potential conflicts.
4. Legal audit of commercial activity. Inspection of legality of the company’s activity, necessity for obtaining licenses and special permits.
5. Legal audit of contractual practice. Legal assessment of contractual practice of the company, delivery and payment issues. Estimation of risks of default on obligations by counteragents, risks of claims that can be raised by counteragents, as well as risks of tax penalty situations.

II.  Legal audit of particular fields of company activities

Audit of particular fields of company activities at the client's choosing one of five options performed within the framework of comprehensive legal audit.

III. legal audit of sophisticated transactions

The legal audit of purchased/sold property, analysis of a contract (system of contracts), analysis of system of accounts settlement and property assignation, for the purpose of estimating risks of inflicting losses on clients and conflict probability.

IV. legal audit of a civil, labor or administrative conflict

Study of the client’s legal position in the conflict, study of documents and proofs, examination of conflict development scenarios, conducting a SWOT-analysis of the conflict, working out a strategy for achieving a success in the conflict.

V. legal audit of probability of criminal prosecution

Analysis of actions of office bearers while executing their functional duties and discovery of actions considered punishable by the RF Penal Code.